1. ‘You will offer [to sell] yourselves there, to your enemies for slaves and [female] servants, but no one will purchase you.’ (Devorim* 28.68) Before the Baal Shem Tov’s soul left him said the verse, ‘Let not the foot of arrogance come to me.’ [Then] he said, ‘You will offer yourselves there,’ [refers to offering yourself] in your hearts. ‘To your enemies.’ You will at all times consider [your situation] with a broken heart. And you will consider yourselves as if you were given over and sold to your enemy, the Yetzer HaRah*. ‘For slaves and servants.’ [You will consider that] all of your actions had only been in order to receive a reward, which is the level of a ‘servant.’ [As opposed to the level of a ‘son’ who does not serve in order to receive a reward.] All this you will consider in your hearts, because it says, ‘You will offer,’ and not that ‘You will be offered.’ [This implies that] in your hearts you will consider that you are being offered. And then ‘none will purchase you.’ There will be none who will be able to rule over you. [i.e. You will be free of the Yetzer HaRah.] He said in these words, ” ‘And none will purchase you.’ If you will be broken and humble. You will consider in your hearts that you are filled with evil and sold and given over into the hands of your Yetzer*. And that all the mitzvos* that you did were done in order to receive a reward. That you are going to be slaves and servants. That you have not yet done the will of HaShem, or brought joy to your creator. Not one day in your life. Then, ‘none will purchase you.’ There will not be any evil that will have a control over you. You will be connected with the Source of life.” With these words his nashama* left him on the first day of Shevous* before davening*. (p. 589 sefer Baal Shem Tov teachings of the Baal Shem Tov.) * * * II. Serving HaShem in many ways. 2. ‘On one road will they go out against you and in seven roads will they flee from you.’ (Devorim 28.7) In general, [every one of] the Jewish people has the midos* of fear of HaShem*, love of HaShem etc. They have all of the seven midos for [the service] of HaShem. [The reason that they have] all this is so that HaShem should be able to bestow upon Israel all the good things of this world. In opposition to this there is the fear of things other then HaShem. The same is with love and the other midos. [These can all be applied to things other then the service of HaShem.] The difference is that with the midos from the side of holiness, they are able to be unified together and exist at one time. But the other midos, [those that apply to things other then HaShem,] cannot be united. When one has fear for something other then HaShem, he cannot have love at the same time. And the same is with all of the other midos. However with the midos of holiness one can serve HaShem with all seven at once together. This is the remez* of the verse: ‘On one road they will go out against you.’ This is because with regards to things other then the service of HaShem, there can only be one midah at a time. There is either fear or love or one of the other seven midos. But there cannot be all seven at one time. However you are able to serve HaShem with all seven at once. This is the remez that your enemy cannot come out to you with more then one midah. But you have all seven midos. Therefore they will flee from you. And that is what the verse says: ‘And in seven roads will they flee from you.’ (p. 91 sefer Kedushas Levi teachings of Rebbe* Levi Yitzchok of Berditchev.) * * * III. Miracles 3. ‘You have seen everything HaShem did before your eyes in the land of Egypt to Pharaoh and to all his servants and to all his land. The great trials that your eyes saw. Those great signs and wonders. But HaShem did not give you a heart to understand or eyes to see or ears to hear until today.’ (Devorim 29.1-3) The Rebbe said, ‘If I would know that I would accomplish something with it. I would travel to Germany [where many Jews had abandoned the way of Torah] and shown them miracles like those that Moshe showed to the Egyptians. But a Jew does not take into consideration miracles. ‘This is what Moshe himself said, “You have seen everything HaShem did before your eyes in the land of Egypt to Pharaoh and to all his servants and to all his land. The great trials that your eyes saw. Those great signs and wonders. But HaShem did not give you a heart to understand or eyes to see or ears to hear until today.” [Even though they saw many miracles it still required help from HaShem to understand what they saw.] (p. 69 sefer Toras HaYehudi HaKodesh teachings of the Yud HaKodesh.) * * * IV. Going to the Tzaddik living in your time. 4. “And you shall go to the priest that shall be in those days… and you shall answer and say” (Devorim 26.3,5) We need to understand what is the meaning of ‘in those days’. Rashi* Z’L* explains that it means ‘that you only have the priest who is in your days’ [There is only this one and no other]. Also we need to understand about the speech that is made when one brings the first fruits to the Temple. The Jewish man brings two or three fruits in a basket and the Torah* requires that he has to say a long speech over them before HaShem. It is well known that the Tzaddik* has the power to raise up the actions and prayers to HaShem [of those who join themselves to him]. He is able to make them all fly up. This is why the Torah commands that the man appear before the priest, i.e. the Tzaddik of his generation, that will be living in his days. [He should join himself together with the Tzaddik in serving HaShem.] ‘And he will take the basket’ [Heb. TaNE] , [the letters of this Hebrew word is] a remez for the tune [Taamim the tune for reading the verse from the Torah], vowels, [Heb. Nekudos] and letters [Heb Osios.] And he [the priest] shall place it before the alter of HaShem your G-d. [Which means that the Tzaddik] will raise the Torah learning and prayers up to HaShem. “And he shall answer [Heb. anisaw] and say”. Even though you have times in which it is hard to serve HaShem with Torah learning and praying as you should. [The word] ‘answer’ [refers to] the level of being poor [Heb. ani] and lowly. [Meaning that he is on a low level of service to HaShem. The next words:] “And say”. You should do what is your part, to learn and to pray before HaShem. [Even though you find it hard, you should do what you are able to. Then join yourself to the Tzaddik who will raise this to HaShem.] This is the remez of the mitzvah of the first fruits. Even if you bring only a few stalks with very little of the fruits, even two or three pieces, before HaShem. [i.e. even if your service of HaShem is on a very low level.] And you shall bring them to the priest, that is [you shall join yourself to] the Tzaddik of the generation, he will raise them up to HaShem. (p. 266 sefer Tepheres Shlomoh teachings of Rebbe Shlomoh of Radomsk) * * * V. Serving HaShem with joy 5. “Because you would not serve HaShem with joy, and a gladness of heart, from an abundance of possessions.” (Devorim 28.47) Why is it that because of not serving HaShem with joy they should have all those severe punishments come to them [as the verses here describe?] If they are serving HaShem what is the difference if they have joy in this [service] or not? However we can say that the meaning is that because their joy was in their not serving HaShem [they received this punishment.] It was not enough that they did not serve Him, and they were not depressed from this. They were joyful and their hearts were glad that they threw off from themselves the service of HaShem. * In a slightly different way we can explain that it means that all the sins that a person does (G-d forbid) come to him because he does not serve HaShem with joy. Instead he serves HaShem like one performing something learned by rote. This type of service [by rote] makes a person cold and he comes to forget that there is a creator. The end result is that he comes to do whatever sin will come into his hand to do. This is because the one who knows there is a creator, even should he have a physical desire to sin, his fear of G-d will hold him back so that he does not sin. This is not the case with the one [who serves without joy and becomes cold and hence loses his knowledge of G-d.] >From the sins that this person does he will merit all the punishments that are mentioned in this portion. However, if he was to investigate the matter and consider what is happening and why he has sinned, he would see that the cause was that he does not serve HaShem with joy. That is why he is suffering and that is the meaning of the verse ‘Because you did not serve HaShem with joy…’ (p. 64 sefer Ohel Torah teachings of Rebbe Menachem Mendel of Kotsk.) * * * VI. Finding your way in Elul*. 6. The Holy Rebbe of Tzanz used to tell parables during the third meal of Shabbos during the month of Elul which proceeds Rosh HaShanah*. One of them was: ‘There were two people lost in a forest. One of them was going alone and he was lost for many days in the forest, and he had no idea of the right way to go to get out of the forest. Suddenly he saw another person going in the forest towards him. A great joy rose in his heart that now, finally, there would be someone to show him the correct way out of the forest. When they came to each other, he asked him, “Brother, tell me. What is the best way to go. I have been lost in this forest for many days.” The second one answered him, “I cannot tell you what is the proper way. I have also been lost here for many days. However one thing I can tell you. The way that I have been going you should not go. It is NOT the correct way. Come let us together chose out a new way.” ‘ When the Rebbe finished the story there were tears in his eyes from emotion. Then he said, ‘I am not able to tell you anything except this. The way in which we have been going until now we should not follow any more. This way is an error. Let us try for ourselves a new way.’ (p 267 sefer Otzer HaChaim customs of the Holy Rebbe Chaim of Tzanz.)
Zechisom Yugan Aleini v’Al Kol Yisroel
Arizal: Hebrew initials of the words: Adoni Rabbenu Yitzchok Zechorono LeVaracha our master Rabbi Yitzchok. Better known as Yitzchok Luria the great 16th century Kabbalist
Chazal: Hebrew initials for: Chochmenu Zichrona Levaracha (Our sages of Blessed memory) Used to refer to Rabbis of the Talmud.
HaShem: Noun used in place of G-d. Lit. The Name
HY’D: Heb. HaShem Yimkom Domov: HaShem should avenge their blood.
Mishleh: One of the books of the Tenach, called in English Proverbs.
Mitzvah (mitzvos): One of the commandments of the Torah.
nashama: Hebrew word for soul.
peshat: A method of Biblical interpretation based on finding the simple meaning in the Torah.
Rashi: The primary commentary on the Tenach.
Rebbe: Leader of a Chassidic group or a teacher
Shabbos: Tractate in the Talmud
Shemos: Second book of the Torah. Called Exodus in English
Talmid (Talmidim): Disciples of a Rebbe.
Talmud: An ancient work of Jewish law.
Tehillim: Hebrew name for Psalms.
Torah: a. First 5 books of the Jewish Bible b. Also refers to the whole of Jewish law c. also common term for a chassidic teaching
Tshuva: Hebrew word for repentance
Tzaddik (Tzaddikim): lit. Righteous. Another name for a Chassidic Rebbe.
Yetzer: lit. Inclination. It is Jewish belief that every Jew has both an evil and good inclination within him, that are at ‘war’ to see which of them the person will follow.
Yetzer Tov: Heb. Good Inclination
Yetzer HaRah: Heb. Evil Inclination.
ZT’L: Hebrew initials of the words: Zechor Tzaddik LeVaracha (The memory of a Tzaddik – Righteous person is a blessing.)
ZY’A: Hebrew initials of the words: Zechiso Yagan Aleinu (His merit should protect us.)
Copyright (c) 1997 by Moshe Shulman ([email protected]) All rights reserved.
Issur Hasugas Givilv