I. Turning evil to good.
1. ‘Two shoulder straps shall be attached to it’s two ends, and it shall be attached.’ (Shemos* 28.7) It is known that the word ‘straps’ [Heb. k’saifos] is a word implying ‘a side.’ [The verse indicates that] a person has two sides [to his nature] as the verse says, ‘To the second strap.’ These are the Yetzer HaRah* and the Yetzer Tov*. [These sides] are also a remez* to the nashama* and the body. A person always needs to wage a war with his enemy the Yetzer HaRah. The Yetzer HaRah wants to destroy him, and make him lose both this world and the world to come. We see something that is similar to this in the physical world. When two people who hate each other are in one place, they always fight with each other. It is the same thing with regards to the Yetzer HaRah. He must continually fight against it, to the absolute limit, in order to have his Yetzer Tov dominate it. Just like a person [who is sick] needs to take medicines until the time comes that he has a complete recovery. Likewise he needs to strengthen his Yetzer Tov over his Yetzer HaRah, and dominate it. [He needs to do this] until the Yetzer HaRah is subordinated to it and is forced to be completely good; just like the Yetzer Tov. As is known [from many seforim*] the Yetzer HaRah was also created for the good of the Jewish people, just as the Yetzer Tov was. This is the meaning of the verse: ‘Two shoulder straps.’ These are the two sides [i.e. the Yetzer Harah and the Yetzer Tov.] ‘Shall be attached.’ They shall be made as one, completely good. [His Yetzer Tov should dominate his Yetzer HaRah to the extent that the Yetzer HaRah becomes completely good.] Also his nashamah should strengthen itself over his body and separate it from the cravings for this world. And it should become completely good. ‘To it’s two ends, and it shall be attached.’ To the absolute limit he should strive to be completely good. (p. 44 sefer Razin D’oraysa teachings of Rebbe* Velvele of Zabriz.) * * * II. Moshe and the Jewish people 2. ‘And you shall command…’ (Shemos 27.20) It is difficult to understand, why does the verse say, ‘And you shall command’ and not the usual formula, ‘Command to the children of Israel and they shall take?’ Also why does it say, ‘And you.’ [it doesn’t explicitly say who the ‘you’ is. Why doesn’t it mention Moshe’s name?] The explanation of the verse is that HaShem* commanded to Moshe that he should join together the holiness from above with the Jewish people in this service. The lighting of the lamps [in the mishkan*] had no work involved with it except for this mitzvah* of lighting the lamps. How would it be possible for Moshe to join with them [in it?] All the other sacrifices Moshe was joined to them. However the mitzvah of the lighting was to show that the Shechina* rested on the Jewish people as the Talmud* teaches. The menorah* is a remez for the inspiration of the Jewish people [which burned in them and] which is an indication of the resting of the Shechina [on them.] The Midrash* has a parable. There was a person who was able to see who asked a blind man to light a lamp in order that he [the blind person] should do a good deed for him. This is [the meaning of the] parable. The Jewish people [through their desires to serve Hashem] inspire a great desire above. This was not possible to be achieved except through Moshe. Because of his great holiness he caused that they should take, and they should be inspired below [which causes a strong desire above.] For this reason the verse says, ‘And you shall command.’ [Heb. t’tzavei] Which implies attachment [Arm. Tzvasa] The meaning being that Moshe should join with them. ‘And they should take to me pure olive oil.’ [He should cause them] to have an inspiration, an inspiration from below [which will cause an increase in desire above.] (p. 26 sefer Divrei Chaim teachings of Rebbe Chaim of Tzanz.) * * * III. A pure livelihood 3. ‘And two chains of pure gold make them at edges.’ (Shemos 28.14) Pure gold is a remez for a livelihood that is properly done and pure [without any violation of the Torah*.] There are two sources of a proper livelihood: 1. That he should occupy himself in business with truth and trustworthiness, as Chazal* say, ‘Buy and sell in a trustworthy manner.’ 2. He is not absorbed in doing his work all day. He should rather have a limit and set aside time to learn Torah. As Chazal say, ‘Set times for learning Torah.’ This is the remez: ‘And two chains.’ i.e. the two sources [of obtaining a livelihood.] ‘Pure gold.’ His livelihood should be proper and pure [without violations.] What are the sources [of this?] ‘Make them at edges.’ His occupation with his livelihood should have a limit so that he should not be absorbed in it all day long. And it should be with truth and trust. The first letters of the words: ‘Make them at edges’ [Heb. migbalos taseh osom] spells out the word ‘truth’ [Heb. emes] Also the letters of the word ‘them’ [Heb. osom] are the same as ‘truth’ [which is a remez to what is said above.] (p. 78 sefer Divrei Yisroel teachings of Rebbe Yisroel of Modzitz.) * * * IV. Fear of HaShem 4. ‘And you shall command… pressed for illumination.’ (Shemos 27.20) Rashi* explains [that the oil is pressed for illumination] and not for an offering. [The former being a purer quality of oil then the later.] We can explain it as follows. The purpose of the creation of the heavens and the earth was in order that it should be revealed His Kingship. This refers to fear [of HaShem.] The midah* of malchos [kingship] is the level of fear as Chazal say, ‘We should pray for the peace of the kingdom because without the fear [of the king…’] The truth is that for the one who has true fear, the fear comes from a recognition of His greatness. It comes from fulfilling the verse, ‘I have set HaShem before me continually.’ As is said in the Rambam*, and the Rema* in the beginning of Shulchan Aruch*. ‘Even more when you consider in your heart that the King, the King of all kings, is standing before you. And he gazes at you, and sees your actions. Immediately you will be gripped with fear. And you will be ashamed.’ The whole world is then filled with his glory. And because of this Chazal say, ‘The world was only created for this command.’ This is the meaning of ‘And you shall command the children of Israel.’ If you will be attached to this level. And the way to reach this level is to remove all those separations, and the filthy clothes [i.e. sins.] There are two forms of separation. 1. That caused by a person being in this world. 2. That caused by the person himself because he has a nefesh bahamos* which is full of cravings [for this world.] [However] through self nullification, as it says in Tanya*, by mesiros nefesh* for the Torah, learning with a strong desire, and doing the mitzvos, he removes these separations from his nefesh bahamos. Then the light of his nefesh elokis* will shine in him. That is the meaning of the verse: ‘And they shall take pure olive oil’ which is a remez for the nefesh elokis. [This comes through] ‘Pressed’ i.e. self nullification (as I explained above.) (p. 110 sefer Mordechai b’Shaar HaMelech teachings
of Rebbe Mordechai of Zavil)
Arizal: Hebrew initials of the words: Adoni Rabbenu Yitzchok Zechorono LeVaracha our master Rabbi Yitzchok. Better known as Yitzchok Luria the great 16th century Kabbalist
Chazal: Hebrew initials for: Chochmenu Zichrona Levaracha (Our sages of Blessed memory) Used to refer to Rabbis of the Talmud.
HaShem: Noun used in place of G-d. Lit. The Name
HY’D: Heb. HaShem Yimkom Domov: HaShem should avenge their blood.
Mishleh: One of the books of the Tenach, called in English Proverbs.
Mitzvah (mitzvos): One of the commandments of the Torah.
nashama: Hebrew word for soul.
peshat: A method of Biblical interpretation based on finding the simple meaning in the Torah.
Rashi: The primary commentary on the Tenach.
Rebbe: Leader of a Chassidic group or a teacher
Shabbos: Tractate in the Talmud
Shemos: Second book of the Torah. Called Exodus in English
Talmid (Talmidim): Disciples of a Rebbe.
Talmud: An ancient work of Jewish law.
Tehillim: Hebrew name for Psalms.
Torah: a. First 5 books of the Jewish Bible b. Also refers to the whole of Jewish law c. also common term for a chassidic teaching
Tshuva: Hebrew word for repentance
Tzaddik (Tzaddikim): lit. Righteous. Another name for a Chassidic Rebbe.
Yetzer: lit. Inclination. It is Jewish belief that every Jew has both an evil and good inclination within him, that are at ‘war’ to see which of them the person will follow.
Yetzer Tov: Heb. Good Inclination
Yetzer HaRah: Heb. Evil Inclination.
ZT’L: Hebrew initials of the words: Zechor Tzaddik LeVaracha (The memory of a Tzaddik – Righteous person is a blessing.)
ZY’A: Hebrew initials of the words: Zechiso Yagan Aleinu (His merit should protect us.)
Copyright (c) 1997 by Moshe Shulman ([email protected]) All rights reserved.
Issur Hasugas Givilv