Basic Judaism

Judaism –> How to put on Tefillin

How to Lay Tefillin
Consult a reliable Rabbi

Are you right or left handed?

Step # 1 1. Start with the hand. 2. You should be standing when putting on or taking off tefillin. While wearing them you may sit, but while putting them on or taking them off you should be standing.

3. Unwrap the straps and take the shel yad (tefillin for the hand) out of the box. Open the loop very wide, and slide back the shel yad until the bayis (the housing — i.e., the black box) sits on the center of your biceps

Position for Shel Yad

 Boxes in this example are Chabad 44 mm – left handed

Boxes come in different Sizes

28 – 32 mm is medium

 Large over 40 mm

While putting on the Tefillin, one may not talk from the first blessing (through the Statement) until step #3.

4. Recite the first blessing

Blessed are You Hashem, King of the universe, Who has made us holy through His commandments, and commanded us to put on tefillin.

5. Tighten the loop, and begin wrapping the strap around your hand.

6. Wrap at least once around your biceps, and seven times around your lower arm. Stop at the palm, and wrap the remainder of the strap around your palm. Do not wrap the strap around your fingers just yet.

There are many different methods to wrapping the Tefillin around the arm.

Ashkenazim do it one way, Sephardim another, Chassidim do it yet another way, etc.

Step # 2

1. Remove the shel Rosh (tefillin for the head) from the bag, unwrap the straps, and take it out of the box. Place the shel Rosh on your head, with the bayis on your head just before the hairline

2. The knot should be behind your head – just above your neck, and the strap should be lying loosely on your head.

3. Recite the blessing:

Blessed are You Hashem, King of the universe, Who has made us holy through His commandments, and commanded us concerning the Mitzvah of tefillin.
4. Tighten the straps around your head by pulling them down at the sides, front and back, as necessary.

5. Now recite: (the Statement)

Blessed is his name, whose glorious kingdom is forever and ever
From Your Wisdom you, O supreme God, may you imbue me; From your understanding give me understanding; with your kindness do greatly with me; with your power cut down my foes and rebels. May you pour goodly oil upon the seven arms of the menorah, to cause your good to flow to your creatures. May you open your hand and satisfy the desire of every living thing.
Step #3

Now resume wrapping the strap of the shel yad. Unwind the strap from your palm, and as the strap comes from the wrist,

Bring it around.
Down to the middle finger
Around the upper half of the middle finger. Then twice around the lower part of the middle finger, while saying the below:
Then loop it around the fourth finger. Bring it over to the top. Bring it around (in the middle of the palm).
Keep going around till just about completing the rest of the strap.

The final 2,3 inches, tie it around the middle straps to keep it firm.


Step #4

Step #5 Taking off your tefillin is done in the reverse order 1 First unwrap the strap from your fingers, wrapping it around your palm. 2 Then take off the shel Rosh Wrap it up and put it away.

3 Then take off your shel yad, wrap it up and put it away.

How to wrap Tefillin after Davening

Some have the custom of wrapping their Tefillin to represent a butterfly.

The Bible tells us: And you shall bind them as a sign on your arm, and they shall be as frontlets on your head between your eyes” (Deuteronomy 6:8.) Though of course the details are much more complex than this…. The Torah tells us in four places that we should bind the Tefillin.

The four place this is mentioned is


Deut. 11:13-21

Exodus 13:1-10

and Exodus 13:11-16

Each of these places is a separate chapter in the Torah